Collaborators from 29 European countries, 26 in the EU plus Iceland, Switzerland and Norway, contributed official aggregated national data for the year 2010. The data was comparable because it used predefined indicators to compare births and maternity care in these countries. The report showed wide differences between caesarean section rates, ranging from 14.8% in Iceland to 52.2% in Cyprus.
Membership is free and open to any individual or organisation.Join the Alliance
There is no consistency in what data different charitable and government funders working in the criminal justice field ask for. This wastes the time and precious resources of small independent organisations according to Mat Ilic, a leader in criminal justice evidence who works at the crime prevention charity Only Connect, and in the past on Project Oracle.
Open access delivered by journals is called “gold” open access and open access delivered by repositories is called “green” open access. Most academic literature is not open access. And in recent years there has been a growing open access movement to remove paywalls, which are put up by journal publishers.
Ray Lock examines the need to move beyond emotive rhetoric and sound bytes with armed forces charities and focus on rigorous evaluations and evidence-based organisations to prove help is going where it's needed.
Creating a common set of standards for all evidence may be impossible but according to Sir Iain Chalmers, one of the founders of the Cochrane Collaboration, there are some basic principles of good evidence that apply in all professions.
Stephen Bediako, Founder and Managing Director of The Social Innovation Partnership, attempts to make sense of the sudden splurge of evidence initiatives in the UK.